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October 21.1994-The United States and North Korea signed a nuclear framework agreement on the settlement of the DPRK nuclear issue.

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October 21, 1994 (September 17) Awake, the United States and North Korea signed a nuclear framework agreement on the settlement of the DPRK nuclear issue. .

1994 10 21, the United States and North Korea in Geneva formally signed a framework agreement on the settlement of the DPRK nuclear issue.
the full text of a total of four, 13 agreements, the core content is on the issue of North Korea's graphite reactor light-water reactors instead. North Korea has a 5-megawatt graphite reactor, and the other two the graphite reactor under construction (power generation capacity of 50 MW and 200 MW, respectively). Under the agreement, North Korea will eventually dismantle these three reactors. DPRK suffered losses to be compensated by the United States: The U.S. promised to provide two power-generating capacity of 1000 MW light-water reactors to the DPRK, with a total value of approximately $ 4 billion construction cycle of about 10 years; built light-water reactors Before that, the United States will provide North Korea with heavy oil to act as alternative energy, about 50 million tons per year. Responsible for the provision of these funds, an international consortium led by the United States, including South Korea, Japan and other countries, including. In a nutshell, the main content of the agreement is the DPRK return to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons ", assume security obligations stipulated by the treaty, agreed to resume direct dialogue of North and South Korea, together with South Korea, the implementation of the joint declaration of the denuclearization of the peninsula. In this regard, the United States, in addition to Korean economic compensation, but also to assure North Korea first to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons to relax trade and investment restrictions on North Korea, and agreed to the mutual establishment of diplomatic liaison offices in both capitals as soon as possible.
DPRK-US nuclear dispute for a long time. In December 1985, North Korea joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons ", but there is no schedule to sign the safeguards agreement. After the Gulf War, the United States based on satellite photos, suspected North Korean nuclear facilities, the international agency for inspection. At that time, North Korea has repeatedly solemnly declare that it has no intention, and was unable to develop nuclear weapons, and resolutely refuses to be examined, the DPRK and the United States could result from the nuclear dispute. Shortly thereafter, the peninsula two sides signed a joint declaration of the denuclearization of the peninsula, North Korea signed a nuclear safeguards agreement "with international agencies, agreed to accept the check, so the tension was defused once. From May 1992 to early 1993, North Korea has repeatedly accepted IAEA nuclear inspections. However, due to both check the results and the range of different views, in February 1993, the international institutions through a mandatory "special inspection" of the resolution of the facilities of the DPRK. On March 12, the DPRK decided to announced its withdrawal from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Then, the United States, South Korea decided to resume the "Team Spirit" joint military exercises, North Korea declared a national paramilitary state, the situation is tense again. To break the deadlock, North Korea requires direct dialogue with the United States, talks with senior officials in the DPRK and the United States was held in June 1993. In the two rounds of talks, the two sides reached a part of the intention, the talks failed to achieve substantive progress. Stalemate in the critical moment, the two sides 3 sequential round of talks was held in August 1994, 4 agreement in principle was reached on the nuclear issue, the talks appear real turnaround. Two months later, the two sides signed a framework agreement to resolve the nuclear issue.
the implementation of this agreement will bring a positive and far-reaching impact on the Korean Peninsula and in Northeast Asia as a whole the situation. First, the implementation of the agreement, is bound to lead to improved relations between the DPRK and the United States, the withdrawal of the U.S. forces in Korea and the DPRK and the United States established formal diplomatic relations. Second, the elimination of the long-term confrontation between the two Koreas and estrangement (L $ djτ.cōm) to promote the process of peaceful reunification of the peninsula independent, will play a positive role.

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