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February 19.1997-The death of Deng Xiaoping

Show:919 times , datetime:2019-12-25 17:13:55

February 19, 1997 (13 Dingchou first month), the death of Deng Xiaoping.

The death of Deng Xiaoping
The death of Deng Xiaoping
The death of Deng Xiaoping
The death of Deng Xiaoping
The death of Deng Xiaoping
The death of Deng Xiaoping
beloved Comrade Deng Xiaoping is immortal!
re-channel sound, Hello Xiaoping In February 1997, the great Marxist, proletarian revolutionary, statesman, military strategist and diplomat, the Chinese Communist Party, the People's Liberation Army, (L $ djτ.ЙЁT) (on one of the main leaders of www.TodayOnHistory.com) People's Republic of China, the chief architect of China's socialist reform, opening up and modernization drive, and founder of Deng Xiaoping Theory - Comrade Deng Xiaoping died in Beijing.
Deng Xiaoping, Sichuan Guang'an. Born August 22, 1904. Formerly known as Deng sage, the scientific name of Deng Xixian. 5-year-old school, higher primary school admitted to Guang'an County Middle School. 1919 autumn admitted to Chongqing work-study program to stay Preparatory School of Law. In the summer of 1920, went to France to work and study. In 1922, he joined the Socialist Youth League of China in 1924 into the Communist Party of China. To study in the Soviet Union in early 1926.
1927 spring home, was sent to the Xian Feng Yuxiang national army coalition forces engaged in political work. After the rupture of the first cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, renamed Deng Xiaoping, to participate in an emergency meeting of the CPC Central Committee on August 7 in Wuhan. With the central authorities at the end to move to Shanghai. Secretary-General of the CPC Central Committee from 1928 to 1929. The summer of 1929 as a central representative to the leadership of the uprising in Guangxi, a pseudonym Deng Bin, Zhang Yunyi equal to December and next February, has launched the Baise Uprising and Longzhou Uprising, create the Chinese Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army Seventh Army Eighth Army and Zuojiang of Youjiang Revolutionary Base any of Red Army political commissar of the 8th Corps and the Front Committee secretary. The summer of 1931, Jiangxi central base, served as Communist China Ruijin county party secretary, the Huichang Centre county party secretary of Jiangxi Provincial Party propaganda department. Uphold Mao's correct line, was dismissed within the party "leftist" leader. Later, the Secretary-General of Ren Hongjun General Political Department, General Political Department official newspaper "Red Star" newspaper editor. With the Central Red Army in October 1934, the CPC Central Committee at the end of Secretary-General. January 1935 to participate in the enlarged meeting, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee (the Zunyi Meeting), the meeting decided that the new central leadership represented by Mao Zedong. He served as Red Army political, propaganda minister, deputy director of the Political Department of the Director. After the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War of
, deputy director of the National Revolutionary Army Political Department of the Eighth Route Army. Political commissar of the 129 division of the Eighth Route Army in January 1938. Depth and Division Commander Liu Bocheng North China behind enemy lines, to create the Taihang, Taiyue anti-Japanese base areas. Concurrently CPC Central Committee and secretary of the Taihang Branch in September 1942 and October 1943, agents of the Northern Bureau of the CPC Central Committee secretary, presided over the work of the Eighth Route Army headquarters, to take on Japanese Base party, government and military leadership in North China's comprehensive work under difficult conditions. Seventh CPC National Congress in 1945 was elected to the Central Committee.
Liberation War, he served as the People's Liberation Army Shanxi-Hebei-Shandong-Henan Field Army, the Central Plains Field Army political commissar of the Second Field Army (history today www.lssdjt.com) the Jinjiluyu secretary of the Central Bureau Plains Bureau, Bureau of East China first a secretary. With Liu Bocheng in September 1945 to November led the Battle of Shangdang, the Handan Battle. The summer of 1947, they led his army south across the Yellow River, trek to the Dabie Mountain area, which opened the prelude to the national strategy of the People's Liberation Army of the Kuomintang army offensive. Strategic decisive stage in the liberation war, served as the unified command of the Central Plains Field Army and the East China Field Army Front Committee secretary, with the leaders of the two field armies, commanding the Huaihai Campaign, the arrival of a campaign, the capture of the capital of the Kuomintang government in Nanjing and Shanghai, Su , Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi and other large areas. In In September,
1949 he was elected as a member of the Central People's Government, attended the founding ceremony. In October, the Chinese People's Revolutionary Military Committee. Subsequently enter the southwest, and Liu Bocheng led his troops occupied the provinces of Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Sai, to participate in the leadership of the work to enter Tibet and Tibet's peaceful liberation, the complete liberation of the Chinese mainland. Here, the first secretary of the Southwest Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, vice chairman of the Southwest Military and Political Committee, Southwest Military Area Command political commissar. In in 1952, transferred to the work of the Central Committee, the Central People's Government Administration Council (1954 to the State Council) Deputy Prime Minister and the deputy director of the Financial and Economic Committee, and then part-time director of the Office of the Government Administration Council traffic and the Minister of Finance. In 1954, he was appointed Secretary-General of the CPC Central Committee Organization Department, the Vice Premier of the State Council, Vice-Chairman of the National Defense Commission. Make an important contribution in the struggle against Gao Gang, Rao Shushi conspiracy to split the party, to usurp the supreme power of the party and the country's major. Seventh CPC Fifth Plenary Session in April 1955, was co-opted as a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee. The Eighth CPC National Congress in September 1956, for the report to modify the party constitution. A Plenary Session of the Eighth, was elected to the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, General Secretary of the Central Committee to become an important member of the Communist Party of China with Mao Zedong as the core of the first generation of collective leadership. 1959, he was appointed to the Standing Committee of the CPC Central Military Commission. 10 years in any of the general secretary, to assist the Central Committee Chairman, the Vice-President's day-to-day work of the central, fruitful work for the establishment and development of the socialist system, to explore the construction of the road of socialism with China's national conditions. From 1956 to 1963, many went to Moscow to negotiate with the Soviet leaders, resolutely safeguard the principle of independence stance of the Communist Party of China.
1966 after the start of the "Cultural Revolution", lost all leadership positions. Between 1969 to 1973, the decentralization of the Xinjian county tractor built factory labor. March 1973 to restore the office of the Vice-Premier of the State Council. April 1974 on behalf of the Chinese government, to attend sixth special session of the United Nations, at the meeting systematically expounded Mao Zedong's theory of the three worlds. He presided over the drafting of Zhou Enlai, the first meeting of the Fourth National People's Congress and the government work report. January 1975, he was appointed vice chairman of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier of the State Council, vice chairman of the Central Military Commission and the Chinese People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff. Framed as the "Gang of Four", in April 1976, was dismissed from all his posts.
1976 "Gang of Four" was crushed, and the end of the "Cultural Revolution". In July 1977, the Chinese Communist Tenth Third Plenary resumed his original duties as military leaders. CPC, held in August 1977, the Eleventh National People's Congress, was elected as the CPC Central Committee and vice-chairman. In March 1978, he was elected as the chairman of the Fifth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). He first promote the ideological line of bringing order out of chaos, against the "two whatevers" policy, leadership and support to carry out the discussion of the criterion of truth, (τōdāyōńhī $ τōry.cōm) proposed must be complete and accurate understanding of the Mao Zedong Thought. He also proposed that the focus of the party's work as soon as possible to transfer to the economic construction. (Lssdjt.com)
the CPC, held in December 1978 the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, opened up a new era of China's reform and opening up and concentrate its effort on socialist modernization. He played a decisive role in the historical transformation of the policy of the Communist Party of China in this meeting. In preparation for the plenary session of the central work conference on "emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, united forward-looking" speech he delivered. After the plenary session, to him as the core of the second generation of collective leadership of the Communist Party of China. Of Eleventh Plenary Session held in June 1981, he presided over the drafting of the "Resolution on the party since the founding of a number of historical issues, negated the" Cultural Revolution ", the maintenance history of Mao Zedong status, scientific evaluation of Mao Zedong Thought. At this meeting, he was elected as the Chairman of the Military Commission of the CPC Central Committee. Communist China a dozen times and the National People's Congress held in September 1982, he proposed in his opening statement: "the universal truth of Marxism with the concrete practice of China to go its own way of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. "In the second session in the plenary session elected to the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee. Elected as a director of the first plenary meeting of the Central Advisory Commission. June 1983 Sixth National People's Congress meeting, was elected as the Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China. ($ Djτ.cōm)
Third Plenary Session of the CPC, he emancipate our minds, seek truth from facts, the creation and development of building socialism with Chinese characteristics theory. This theory scientifically clarify the nature of socialism, the first answer how to build a socialist China, economically and culturally backward country, how to consolidate and develop the socialist series of basic questions. He believes that China is in the primary stage of socialism, all planning to develop from this reality. According to his thinking, the 13th CPC National Congress to develop the party in the primary stage of socialism in taking economic construction as the center, the four cardinal principles, the basic line of reform and opening up. He pointed out that the fundamental task of socialism is to develop the productive forces. The whole party to wholeheartedly engage in modernization. Achieve modernization, the key is the modernization of science and technology. Science and technology are primary productive forces. Education is the most fundamental cause of a nation. He designed from the 1980s to the middle of the next century is a three-step development strategy basically realize modernization goals. And proposed all whether it is conducive to the development of the productive forces of socialist society, whether it is conducive to enhance the comprehensive national strength of the socialist countries, whether it helps to improve the living standards of the people as a fundamental standard, constantly breaking new ground. His strong support and promote rural reform, promote the comprehensive reform of the city center, pointed out that "Reform is China's second revolution". About socialism, he can also engage in the discussion of the market economy, establishing a socialist market economic system reform goals of the Communist Party of China has laid a theoretical foundation. His initiative to set up special economic zones, opening up 14 coastal cities (on com) development and opening of the Pudong New Area in Shanghai to promote the formation of China's overall opening pattern. He actively promote the reform of the political system, emphasizing the development of socialist democracy, improve the socialist legal system, while in the building of material civilization, attaches great importance to the construction of spiritual civilization. He advocated the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger, better educated, professional, and advocated the abolition of leading life-long tenure. He believes that peace and development are the two major problems of the contemporary world, the guiding ideology of the military and national defense construction to implement strategic change, proposed to make the army into a powerful revolutionary armed forces of modernization and regularization. Him to resolve the problem of Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, (1 $ djτ.cōm) to achieve the peaceful reunification of the motherland, painstaking efforts. Him from reality creatively put forward the concept of "one China, two systems", in accordance with this idea, in Hong Kong in 1997, was returned to China, Macau's return to China at the end of 1999. He asked the independent foreign policy of peace, advocated the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence as the criteria for the establishment of a new international political and economic order. In his presidency, China and the United States established diplomatic relations, the conclusion of the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship with Japan, and to restore the relationship between the two parties and the two countries and the Soviet Union, the development of friendly relations with neighboring countries and third world countries. Favorable international environment for the to open Chinese Foreign new situation for the modernization and maintenance of world peace, and make unremitting efforts. Late 1980s, domestic and international political storm in the early 1990s, the party and the government he and other old comrades firmly support, relying on the people, adhere to the Four Cardinal Principles and persist in taking economic construction as the central task, adhere to reform and opening up, which subjected to a a live severe test, maintain national independence, dignity, security and stability. In November 1989, the 13th CPC Fifth Plenary Session, he resigned last held the post of Chairman of the Central Military Commission. , He played a key role in the process of him as the core of the second generation of central collective leadership with Jiang Zemin at the core of the third-generation central leadership collective smooth transition, and maintain the stability of the party and the country. After retirement, he was still concerned about the cause of the party and the country. 1992 Wuchang, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shanghai and other places visited southern China, delivered an important speech, summed up the basic experience since the reform and opening up, and answered a number of major issues in theory. China's reform and opening up and modernization drive has entered a new stage of this conversation and the CPC congress greatly flag. Held in 1997, the Fifteenth National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics theoretical generalization of Deng Xiaoping Theory, and pointed out that this theory is Marxism of contemporary China, is a new stage of development of Marxism in China, and in the party constitution clearly stipulates that the Communist Party of China takes Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory as the guide to action.
major works of Deng Xiaoping income "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping (Volume 3). in memory of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, the
death, the capital of the Tiananmen Square lowered to half mast
Jiang Zemin, (l $ jτ.cń) Li Peng and other Party and state leaders to escort Comrade Deng Xiaoping remains to Babaoshan cremation
the General Assembly of the United Nations to stand and observe the death of Deng Xiaoping in Deng Xiaoping's memorial ceremony,, one minute
Jiang Zemin eulogy

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