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September 1.1961-First Non-Aligned Countries Summit Opens

Show:1695 times , datetime:2023-11-01 10:59:24

(July 22, 1901), September 1, 1961, the opening of the first Summit of the Non-Aligned countries. the left since

First Non-Aligned Countries Summit Opens
: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Ghana's President Nkrumah, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, (L $ djτ.cōm) President of Indonesia, Sukarno, (L $ djτ.cōm) the President of Yugoslavia Tito.
Bandung Conference, Asian and African national liberation movements rising further, increasingly acute contradictions between the old and new colonialists, the Soviet Union also began to compete with the United States for the broad middle ground in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Complex international situation, to get rid of the colonial rule, national independence, the country does not want to be embroiled in the struggle, began to pursue an independent, autonomous, non-aligned policy of peace and neutrality.
1956, Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in Yugoslavia issued a joint statement to uphold the principles of peaceful coexistence, adhere to national independence, against the opposing military blocs advocated among countries economic, cultural cooperation, the establishment of equal and friendly relations, thereby laying the foundation of the Non-Aligned Movement.
1961, Tito recommend visiting nine countries in Africa of Non-Aligned Countries, held at the Summit. Egypt (then known as the United Arab), initiated under the 5 countries in Yugoslavia, Indonesia, India, Afghanistan, the preparatory meeting of the Conference of the Non-Aligned Countries, held in Cairo, Egypt. Regulations to participate in the meeting of the Non-Aligned Countries meeting five criteria: first, its policy should be on the basis of peaceful coexistence and non-aligned independent policy, should take a minimum of attitude consistent with this policy. Second, it should support the national liberation movement. Third, it should not be any cause it is involved in the great power conflicts collective military alliance's member states. Fourth, it should not be concluded bilateral alliances with a large country participating countries. Fifth, its national territory should not be the establishment of foreign military bases in its consent. the first meeting of the September
1961 1 -6, the Summit of Non-Aligned Countries, held in Belgrade, the Yugoslav capital, a total of 25 countries participated. Adopted by the Conference of Non-Aligned Countries and the Universal Declaration of the Heads of Government as well as the danger of war and calling for a peaceful statement. (L $ djτ.ЙЁT) "Declaration" expressed full support for Algeria, (L $ djτ.cōm) Angola (the L $ djτ.cōm) Tunisia, Cuba and other countries struggle to win and preserve national independence and people require removal all military bases on the territories of other countries and the elimination of the threat of nuclear war, pointed out that the only fundamental to the elimination of colonialism and imperialism in order to achieve lasting peace. Since then, the Non-Aligned Movement as an independent political force, boarded the international political arena.
later, with the development of the Non-Aligned Movement, its content and purpose of constantly enrich and development. By the development of peace and neutrality to the political struggle against imperialism, colonialism and neocolonialism, racism and all forms of alien domination and hegemony advocate the democratization of international relations. In the economy towards economic independence on the basis of equality and mutual benefit, to get rid of the old and new colonialists on the economic exploitation and crushing, advocates the establishment of a new international economic order.

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