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September 22.1960-Independence of the Republic of Mali

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September 22, 1960 (In August two days Boxer independent), the Republic of Mali. "target =" _blank ">

Mali establish diplomatic relations with the Republic of Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa. northern Sahara, the country's total area of ​​about 1.24 million square kilometers, a population of over 700 million capital, Bamako national political, economic and cultural center of the country a total of 23 tribes, Bambara tribe is the largest tribe, representing 34.5% of the country's population. larger tribes there are quite ear family, Senu Fu family, Sarah examination The the column family and Malin Kai of family.
Mali is a West African ancient history was once the center region of the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire. suffer from the invasion of the French colonial army in the 1850s, (lssjt.cn) 1895 years became a French colony (the L $ djτ.cōm) country name Sudan. dauntless struggle through a long period, the people of Mali finally won in the September 22, 1960 independent (τōdāyōńhī $ τōry.cōm) < ; br> After independence, the Malian government and people to safeguard national independence and national sovereignty, the development of the national economy and culture, and the unremitting efforts made gratifying achievements.
Mali in agriculture and animal husbandry countries, more than 90% of the population engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry fishery production had West African granary, "said. millet, sorghum, maize, rice and other food crops and cash crops of cotton, sugar cane, peanuts and other agricultural products are normal times , the country can be grain-producing more than 1.2 million tons, more than 10 million tons of cotton. (the l $ jτ.cń) cotton is one of the major export commodities of Mali. livestock industry is an important part of the Malian agriculture. general year for animal husbandry output value accounted for 37% of the total agricultural output value of live animals and livestock is the country's second largest export commodity. affected, resulting in food insufficiency due to reasons such as drought and desertification, agricultural development, the country every year to spend a lot of foreign exchange to import food. livestock industry also suffered serious losses, the number of livestock dropped significantly in 1985 compared with 1982, the cattle population decreased 3.8 million, a decrease of 2.9 million sheep. Mali victims amounted to about 200 million people, food deficit of 330,000 tons.
; face serious difficulties, the Government of Mali and the people are not discouraged. 20.2 billion CFA francs in foreign exchange, the government imported 230,000 tons of grain, and called on the international community to provide food aid; while still allowing businessman appropriate conditions to control prices at the national food imports to ensure the normal life of the people, the majority of victims in the help of the government is also actively production of self-help with the fight against drought and desertification, the Government of Mali has developed a short-term, medium-term and long-term coordinated strategy action plan, vigorously dams , through the efforts of the construction and refurbishment of reservoirs, improving irrigation systems; vigorously plant trees and to mobilize the people, democratic organization and technical services department at the same time, against burning. Mali Government has also developed "to achieve food self-sufficiency as the goal of agricultural development strategy. plus last year hi every decade over the past few abundant rainfall from 1985 to 1986 the annual grain output of 140 million tons, is the best harvest in 10 years. recent years, cotton is also a good harvest, exports worth 27.5 billion CFA francs the country's total exports, 44% of the total.
in international affairs, (l $ djτ.ōrɡ) Mali government pursues a neutral, non-aligned policy and adhere to the anti-imperialist, anti-colonialist, stressed that the African unity and oppose foreign interference African Affairs, advocates of the North-South dialogue in support of South-South cooperation. far apart
between China and Mali, but the people of the two countries in the long-term common struggle has always sympathized with and supported each other, and to establish a sincere friendship, Ma between the two countries since the establishment of diplomatic relations in October 25, 1960, the friendly and cooperative relations between the two countries in the political, economic and cultural fields, continuous development of the Mali President Moussa Traore on official visit to China will, is bound to further promote the friendly ties development.

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