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2020-4-14 Tuesday

4鏈14鏃ワ細鐧界緤搴 闈欐濊-鑸逛細娴湪姘撮潰锛岀洿鍒版矇娌′负姝€
鐧界緤搴ф渶澶х殑鐗瑰緛鏄細 涓撳埗鐨勪繚瀹堟淳

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杩欎竴澶╁嚭鐢熺殑浜猴紝涓嶅彧鏄粠鍘嗗彶鐨勮搴︽潵鐪嬭嚜宸憋紝浠栦滑瀵逛簬鑷繁鎵鐢熷瓨鐨勬椂浠f劅锛屼篃鑳界‘鍒囨帉鎻°傚彟澶栧浜庤亴涓氬浣曞彂灞曘佹湭鏉ョ殑灞曟湜锛屼篃鏈夐潪甯告竻鏅扮殑娲炲療鍔涖備粬浠苟涓嶉噸瑙嗘敼鍙橈紝鎵浠ュ鏄撴樉寰楁瀬绔繚瀹堛傚嵆浣挎槸鏀归潻娲撅紝涔熷彲鑳戒細鍙戠幇浠栦滑鎵瑕佹敼闈╃殑浜嬬墿锛屽叾瀹炶繕鏄嚭浜庝紶缁熺殑浠峰笺傛渶鏅亶鐨勭姸鍐靛彲鑳芥槸锛屼粬浠弽鎶楃埗浜茬殑鏉冨▉锛屼骇涓滄槸鍑轰簬灏婇噸瀛╁瓙锛岃屾槸鍥犱负浠栦滑鎯冲嚭浜嗕竴濂楁洿濂界殑“绠℃暀鏂规硶”锛岃岃繖濂楃悊璁猴紝鏃ュ悗涔熷氨鏄粬浠柦灞曟潈濞佺殑涓嶄簩娉曢棬銆

4鏈14鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑濂虫ф湁寮虹儓鐨勫搴蹇碉紝铏界劧濂逛滑骞朵笉涓瀹氭槸瀹跺涵涓诲銆傚ス浠細鍚屾椂甯屾湜瀹朵汉鑳藉浣撹皡濂硅拷瀵讳簨涓氱殑闇瑕侊紝鍙堟兂瑕佷富鎺屽涓殑涓鍒囥傝繖涓澶╁嚭鐢熺殑鐢锋э紝瀹规槗璁╀汉瑙夊緱鍏村銆佸埡婵锛 涓嶈繃鍗村父浼氳繃搴︽帶鍒惰嚜宸卞拰韬竟鐨勪汉銆傛讳箣锛屼笉鍒嗙敺濂抽兘鏈夊彉寰楄繃鍒嗕笓妯佸浜插弸鍜屽悓浜嬪お杩囩嫭瑁佺殑鍗遍櫓銆

4鏈14鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜鸿秺鏃╁湪绋冲畾鐨勫伐浣溿佸搴垨鐢熸椿鐘跺喌涓畨瀹氫笅鏉ヨ秺濂姐備竴鍐嶆洿鏀圭敓娲绘柟寮忔垨鏄亴涓氾紝骞朵笉鏄竴浠跺ソ浜嬶紝鍥犱负鍞湁绋冲畾鐨勬儏鍐碉紝鎵嶄娇浠栦滑浜х敓鍒涢犲姏銆傞傚悎杩欏ぉ鍑虹敓鐨勪汉浠庝簨鐨勫伐浣滐紝鏈濂芥槸缁忚繃涓绯诲垪鐨勮鍒掞紝鍙互鎸夐儴灏辩彮銆佹湁鏉$悊渚濆簭瀹屾垚鐨勫伐浣溿備竴鑸鏉ワ紝杩欎竴澶╁嚭鐢熺殑浜猴紝涓嶅彲浠ュ湪璁″垝涓庤鍒掍箣闂翠紤鎭お涔咃紝鍚﹀垯浠栦滑浼氭劅鍒颁笉瀹夊拰涓嶇‘瀹氥傚涔犲鍚屼簨鏈夎愬績銆佷簡瑙e浜虹殑闇瑕侊紝鏄4鏈14鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜猴紝閬垮厤鍐茬獊鍜屼笉蹇箰鐨勫ソ鏂规硶銆

鐧界緤搴х殑浼樼偣鏈夛細鎿呴暱绀句氦銆佸叿璇存湇鍔涖佹湁鍔涢噺銆
鐧界緤搴х殑缂虹偣鏈夛細鍘嬫姂銆佷笉婊°佷笓鍒躲
鐧界緤搴х殑鏄庢槦鍚嶄汉鏈夛細

闃块噷闃垮崱宸存睏(Ali Akbar Khan)鍗板害“钀ㄦ礇寰”(sarod)婕斿瀹躲佷綔鏇插锛屽鏍″垱鍔炰汉銆

棣欐腐鍠滃墽婕斿憳鏇惧織浼燂紝鍚屾椂鏄婕斿強鍞辩墖鍒朵綔浜恒

鏃ユ湰褰便佹瓕鍙屾爾鎵嶅コ鍨嬪垱浣滄瓕鎵嬪伐钘ら潤棣欙紝鍥犳紨鍑虹數褰便婃瀬閬撲箣濡汇嬭岄椈鍚嶃

鑻卞浗鍘嗗彶瀛﹀姹ゆ仼姣(Arnold Toynbee) 锛岃憲鏈夈婂巻鍙茬爺绌躲嬶紝浜屾澶ф垬鏃朵换鑱屼簬鑻卞浗澶栦氦閮紝涔熸槸1919鍜1946骞村反榛庡拰浼氱殑浠h〃銆

鐢靛奖濂虫紨鍛樿尡涓藉厠鑾変笣钂(Julie Christie)銆

娴峰湴鎬荤粺鏉滃崕鍒(Francois Duualier)锛屽鍙风埜鐖稿尰鐢燂紝鑷1957骞存帉鏉冪洿鍒板幓涓栵紝涓鐩村叧琛岀嫭瑁佺粺娌伙紝鐢氳嚦寤虹珛绉樺瘑姘戝叺锛岀О涓“鎭堕瓟”銆

鐧界緤搴у仴搴风煡璇嗭細

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鐧界緤搴у缃楃墝锛

澶х浠紡濉旂綏鐗岀殑绗14寮犳槸“鑺傚埗”銆傜墝闈笂鏄竴浣嶅畧鎶ゅぉ浣匡紝浠栬兘澶熶繚鎶ゆ垜浠紝骞朵娇鎴戜滑绋冲畾銆傜墝闈㈡绔嬫椂锛岃妭鍒舵濂借皟閫傛垜浠殑鐑儏锛屼笉鑷磋繃鍒嗚秺杞紝甯垜浠幏寰楁柊鐨勭湡鐭ワ紝铻嶅叆鏃ュ父鐨勭敓娲讳腑銆備笉杩囩墝闈㈠掔珛鏃讹紝鎰忔濆垯鏄交娴拰杩囧害杩芥眰鏃堕銆

鐧界緤搴у畧鎶ょ锛

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缁欑櫧缇婂骇鐨勪汉鐨勫缓璁細

涓嶈鎬曞啋闄╋紝瑕佹暍杈撴暍璧€備紶缁熸湁鏃跺欎笉杩囨槸鍫嗗潖涔犳儻銆“鏀瑰彉”鏄簨鐗╃殑鑷劧鐜拌薄锛屾瘡浠朵簨鏃╂櫄閮戒細鎴愪负杩囧幓寮忋傚簲鐪嬮噸璇氬疄鏇寸敋浜庤皠濯氥

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