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2020-9-3 Thurday

9鏈3鏃ワ細澶勫コ搴 闈欐濊-涓嶅Θ鍚惉鍒汉瀵逛綘鐨勭湅娉曪紝浣嗕粛鏃у彲浠ヤ繚鏈夎嚜宸卞唴鍦ㄧ殑澹伴煶銆
澶勫コ搴ф渶澶х殑鐗瑰緛鏄細 鎵撶牬鎴愯鐨勪汉

9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜哄苟涓嶄竴瀹氬缁堥兘璞′粬浠墍琛ㄧ幇鍑烘潵鐨勬ā鏍凤紝浣嗘槸锛屽洜涓哄埆浜哄父甯镐笉浜嗚В浠栦滑鐨勬湰璐ㄤ笌娼滃姏锛屽嚭鐢熶簬杩欎竴澶╃殑浜烘垨澶氭垨灏戦兘浼氳杩幓鎺ュ彈锛昏櫧涓嶆弧鎰忎絾鍙帴鍙楋冀鐨勮鑹层

铏界劧鍑虹敓浜庤繖涓澶╃殑浜烘湁澶氭柟闈㈢殑鎵嶅崕锛屽彲鏄紝浠栦滑鍗翠細鍥犳煇涓鏂归潰鐗瑰埆鍑告樉锛岃岀壓鐗蹭簡鍏朵粬娼滃湪鐨勮兘鍔涖備緥濡傦紝9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑濂虫э紝瀹硅矊涓庤韩鏉愭槸濂逛滑寰堢獊鍑虹殑涓閮ㄥ垎锛屼絾鏄氨鍥犱负濂逛滑闀垮緱寰堢編涓斤紝浜轰滑鍙嶈屽拷鐣ヤ簡濂逛滑鍏朵粬鐨勯暱澶勪笌鐗圭偣銆傝屽嚭鐢熶簬杩欎竴澶╃殑鐢锋э紝鍒欏父鍥犱负鎵浠庤亴涓氭垨瀹跺涵鐘跺喌锛岃岃鐙殬鍦板綊绫讳负鍙緵宸仯鐨勪汉銆

铏界劧锛屽嚭鐢熶簬杩欎竴澶╃殑浜烘荤粰浜哄畨闈欒屾俯椹殑鍗拌薄锛屽彲鏄鏋滃洜姝ゆ兂瑕佸崰浠栦滑渚垮疁锛屽彲浼氬悆涓嶅畬鍏滅潃璧般9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜烘嫢鏈変竴灞傚儚鏄挗閾佽埇鐨勮儍鐢诧紝鍙姷寰′竴鍒囪皠濯氫笌鍘嬫Θ銆傚氨澶栬〃椤佃█锛屼粬浠篃璁镐細鏄惧緱寰堟俯鍜岋紝鐢氳嚦鏌旈『鐨勬牱瀛愶紝浣嗘槸鍗村緢鍧氭寔瑕佸彈鍒板簲鏈夌殑灏婁弗涓庡叕骞崇殑寰呴亣锛屽浜庡埆浜虹殑閫艰揩涔熶細浜х敓寮虹儓鐨勬姉鎷掋

浠婂ぉ鍑虹敓鐨勪汉鐨勫伐浣滄ц川閫氬父閮藉拰骞绘兂鏈夊叧锛屾湁鏃朵粬浠殑鎯虫硶銆佷綔涓轰細瓒呰秺鍚屾椂浠g殑浜轰滑锛岃繖鏃跺氨蹇呴』浣撹皡鏃佷汉瀵逛粬浠墍浣滄墍涓虹殑鍚庣煡鍚庤銆傚ソ鍦紝澶у鏁拌繖浜涙墦鐮存垚瑙勭殑浜洪兘寰堟湁鑰愭э紝鑰屼笖瀵硅嚜宸辩殑宸ヤ綔浠峰间篃娣卞叿淇″績锛屾墍浠ュ嵆浣垮湪娌′汉浜嗚В浠栦滑鐪熸鑳藉姏鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛岃繕鑳介粯榛樺湴鍧氬畧鑷繁鐨勫伐浣滃矖浣嶃傚彲鏄紝濡傛灉浠栦滑鎰挎剰澶氳姳涓浜涙椂闂达紝浠ヤ竴鑸汉鑳戒簡瑙g殑璇█瀵瑰埆浜鸿В閲婁粬浠拷姹傜殑鐩爣浠ュ強杈炬垚鐨勬柟娉曪紝鐩镐俊灏嗘洿鑳借鍒汉鎺ュ彈銆

9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜轰笉璁烘嫢鏈夌殑鏈寮鸿兘鍔涙槸浠涔堬紝閮藉惧悜浜庡己鐑堢殑琛屽姩鍔涗笌濂借京锛岄櫎姝わ紝浠栦滑甯稿蹇呴』鍘绘墽琛岃繍浣滅殑浣撶郴鍔犱互鍙嶆姉锛屽挨鍏舵槸瑙夊緱鑷繁琚瑙g殑鏃跺欍傛澶栵紝浠栦滑鏄ぉ鐢熺殑涔愯涓讳箟鑰咃紝浣嗚劸姘斿嵈鍗佸垎鍊斿己涓庡鏄撴縺鍔紝濡傛灉鎯宠鎴愬姛鐨勮瘽锛岃繖涓ょ鐗硅川蹇呴』濂藉ソ鍔犱互鎺у埗锛屾帴鐫鍑哄己鐑堢殑鎰忓織鍔涗笌绋冲畾鐨勬儏缁

鑷充簬鐖辨儏鍜屽弸鎯呮柟闈紝9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜虹粡甯镐細琛ㄧ幇鍑轰护浜鸿寮傜殑绂佹鎬佸害锛岃繖鏃跺欙紝浠栦滑浼氶潰涓翠袱绉嶇姸鍐碉細棣栧厛锛屽拰浠栦滑鍗佸垎浜茶繎鐨勪汉浼氳寰楄嚜宸变笉琚叧蹇冿紱鍏舵锛屽綋蹇呴』閲囧彇閲嶅ぇ鐨勮鍔ㄦ椂锛屼粬浠父浼氳9瓒充笉鍓嶃傚彲鏄紝濡傛灉浠栦滑杈捐繃浜庨『浠庝粬浜虹殑璇濓紝寰堝彲鑳戒細鍦ㄦ亱鐖卞叧绯讳腑浼ゅ鍒拌嚜宸憋紝璁╃敓鍛戒腑涓浜涢噸瑕佺殑閫夋嫨鏈轰細鎮勬倓婧滆蛋銆

瀵逛簬鍑虹敓鍦9鏈3鏃ョ殑浜烘潵璇达紝鏈澶х殑闅鹃灏卞湪浜庯紝璇ュ浣曚娇鑷繁瀵瑰埆鏁炲紑鑳告锛岃屼笖姣棤淇濈暀鍦伴潰瀵硅嚜鎴戞鐤戙備粬浠簲璇ュ皢杩囬珮鐨勯亾寰锋爣鍑嗕笌姝d箟鎰熺敤鏉ヤ繚鎶ら偅浜涢渶瑕佸府鍔╃殑浜猴紝鑰屼笉鏄敤鍦ㄦ壒璇勪粬浠殑浜鸿韩涓娿傚鏋滃嚭鐢熶簬浠婂ぉ鐨勪汉鑳藉彂鎺樺苟鍙戝睍鍑鸿嚜宸辨渶闆勫帤鐨勮兘鍔涳紝涔嬪悗銆鍐嶄互涓绉嶅濠夎屽潥鎸佺殑鎬佸害璁╁埆浜轰簡瑙e畠鐨勫瓨鍦紝濡傛涓鏉ワ紝鏃佷汉瀵逛粬浠柊濂囩殑瑙傚康鎴栧伐浣滄垚鏋滃氨鏇磋兘鎺ュ彈浜嗐

澶勫コ搴х殑浼樼偣鏈夛細澶氭墠澶氳壓銆佸杽浜庣ぞ浜ゃ佹湁鑰愬績銆
澶勫コ搴х殑缂虹偣鏈夛細鎷栧欢銆佽繃浜庣娆层侀〗鍥恒
澶勫コ搴х殑鏄庢槦鍚嶄汉鏈夛細

甯岄噾鏂9Marguerite Higgins)缇庡浗鏂伴椈浠庝笟鍛橈紝鏇炬姤瀵奸煩鎴樻柊闂伙紝涔熸槸棣栦綅璧㈠緱鏅珛鍏瑰浗澶栨姤瀵煎鐨勫コ鎬ф柊闂诲伐浣滀汉鍛樸

鍙版咕鏀挎不瀹堕珮鏍戯紝涓哄彴鍖楀競棣栦换闄㈣緰甯傚競闀裤

缇庡浗钃濊皟姝屾墜銆侀挗鐞村鍜屼綔鏇插鍙插埄濮(Memphis Slim)锛屼粬鍒涗綔浜嗚澶氱編鍥借摑璋冮煶涔愮殑浠h〃浣滐紝鍦ㄨ繖涓鍩熻曡樹簡灏嗚繎50骞翠箣涔呫備粬鍦30骞翠唬鍘熸湰杩囩潃娓告皯鑸殑鐢熸椿锛屽悗鏉ユ墠瀹氬眳鑺濆姞鍝ワ紝鏇句笌鐭ュ悕涔愭墜璐濊タ浼埖绛変汉浠h〃浣滄紨鍑恒

璺槗鑻忓埄鏂(Louis H.Sullivan)锛岀編鍥藉缓绛戝笀锛屼富瑕佷綔鍝佹湁鑺濆姞鍝ヨ瘉鍒镐氦鏄撴墍锛屽悓鏃朵篃鏄棭鏈熸懇澶╁ぇ妤肩殑鑰咃紝杩欎簺澶у帵琛ㄧ幇鍑虹殑瀹為獙鎬у疄鐢ㄦ懇澶╁ぇ妤煎拰鍔炲叕瀹ゆ鏋剁粨鏋勶紝涓轰粬璧㈠緱锛荤幇浠d富涔変箣鐖讹冀鐨勭編瑾夈備粬鏈夊彞鎴愬悕鐨勬牸瑷锛屽嵆锛诲舰寮忚拷闅忓姛鑳斤冀銆

娉曞浗鏃呴缁忚惀鑰呯壒缃楁柉钁涚綏(Pierre Troisgros)锛屼粬鍚屾椂涔熸槸涓诲帹涓庢柊娴疆鐑硅皟娉曠殑鍙戞槑浜恒

缇庡浗璇鸿礉灏旂墿鐞嗗濂栧緱涓诲畨寰锋.9Carl D.Anderson)锛屼粬鍙戠幇浜嗛槼鐢靛瓙鐨勫瓨鍦ㄣ

澶勫コ搴у仴搴风煡璇嗭細

9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜轰竴鏃﹀湪鎵閫夋嫨鐨勯鍩熶腑瀹夊畾涓嬫潵锛屽氨浼氬畨浜庣幇鐘讹紝鍙樺緱鎳掓暎鎬犳儼锛岃繖绉嶆儏褰細璁╀粬浠緝瀹规槗缃规偅绯栧翱鐥呫佸績鑴忚绠$柧鐥咃紝浠ュ強鑳嗗泭鏂归潰鐨勬瘺鐥呫傚洜姝わ紝浠栦滑蹇呴』涓ユ牸鍦版帶鍒惰剛鑲笌绯栧垎鐨勬憚鍙栵紝鍚屾椂锛岃繕瑕佷笉鏂湴杩愬姩銆備絾鏄浜庡亸濂借繍鍔ㄧ殑浠栦滑鏉ヨ锛屾噿鏁f犳儼鍊掍笉鏄棶棰橈紝鏄惁鏈夊厖瓒崇殑鐫$湢涓庝紤鎭墠鏄粬浠鐣欐剰鐨勩傛澶栵紝鏈濂芥垝鐑熴佹垝閰掋備负浜嗕繚鏈夊仴搴风殑韬績锛9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜哄繀椤昏鑷繁鎷ユ湁涓涓兘鐪熸蹇箰鐨勭敓娲伙紝骞朵笖鎶楀法涓轰簡寰楀埌鍒汉娆㈠績鑰屽幓杩庡悎浠栦汉鐨勫啿鍔紝涔熷氨鏄锛屽彂灞曟闈㈢殑鑷垜褰㈣薄鍜岃嚜鎴戞湡璁革紝鏄竴浠剁浉褰撻噸瑕佺殑浜嬨

澶勫コ搴у缃楃墝锛

澶х浠缃楃墝鐨勭3寮犳槸锛荤殗鍚庯冀锛岃薄寰佹湁鍒涢犲姏鐨勮仾鏄庢墠鏅恒傚ス鏄揪鍒版瀬鑷寸殑瀹岀編濂虫с佹槸瀛曡偛澶у湴鐨勬瘝浜诧紝涔熸槸鎴戜滑姊︽兂涓庢复鏈涚殑鍖栬韩銆傚綋鐗岄潰姝g珛鏃讹紝浠h〃榄呭姏銆佷紭闆呬笌姣笉淇濈暀鐨勭埍锛涚墝闈㈠掔珛鏃跺垯鏈夎嚜璐熴佺煫鎯呭強鏃犳硶瀹瑰繊缂洪櫡鐨勬剰鎬濄

澶勫コ搴у畧鎶ょ锛

9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜轰細鍙楀埌鏁板瓧3鍜屾湪鏄熺殑褰卞搷銆傚彈鏁板瓧3褰卞搷鐨勪汉锛屽枩娆㈢嫭绔嬭嚜鐢憋紝涔熷緢鍠滄鎴愪负鐢熸椿棰嗗煙涓殑浣间郊鑰呫傛墍浠ワ紝鍦9鏈3鏃ュ嚭鐢熺殑浜鸿閬垮厤鎵紨鍒汉鐨勮鑹层傛湪鏄熶负浠婂ぉ鍑虹敓鐨勪汉甯︽潵涔愯涓庡紑闃旂殑绀句細杩滄櫙锛屽畠鍜屾按鏄燂紙澶勫コ搴х殑涓诲琛屾槦锛夌粨鍚堝湪涓璧峰悗锛屼細璧嬩簣浜哄己鐑堢殑鑽h獕鎰熶笌鑷皧蹇冦

缁欏濂冲骇鐨勪汉鐨勫缓璁細

绉瀬鍦版壘鍑轰綘鐪熸鎯冲仛鐨勪簨锛屽彂灞曞嚭涓汉鐨勮嚜淇′笌涓昏锛屼笉瑕佸鎬曞け璐ャ傚鑺变竴浜涙椂闂村悜鍒汉瑙i噴浣犵殑宸ヤ綔鏂瑰紡涓庡姩鏈猴紝娌℃湁蹇呰涓哄畠浠娣荤绉樿壊褰┿

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